How can you obtain Polish citizenship by descent based on your Polish ancestry?

Polish citizenship by descent, also known as ‘citizenship by jus sanguinis’, is a process through which a person can obtain Polish citizenship based on their Polish ancestry and lineage. Below, you can find the requirements for obtaining it that you need to meet to be eligible for the Polish citizenship confirmation process:

Polish ancestry:

The person must have at least one ancestor who was a Polish citizen, either at the time of their birth or at any point in their ancestry. If you have Polish ancestry and know that at least one of your ancestors was Polish, likely you are eligible for citizenship by descent.

Documented proof of ancestry:

The person must provide official documents that prove their Polish origin.  Documents such as birth certificates and marriage certificates are needed to prove kinship, but they are not enough. In addition, you need to provide other officially issued documents proving that an ancestor was a Polish citizen.

To start it is important to confirm your Polish ancestor left Poland or Polish territory after the 20th of January 1920 and support your application with evidence proving it e.g., a Polish passport, a document confirming residency in Poland after 1920 issued by Polish Authorities.

No interruption in citizenship:

The person’s Polish ancestors must not have had their Polish citizenship interrupted, for example, by renouncing it, holding a public position before 1951, or acquiring citizenship in another country. It is crucial to check all the events in your ancestor’s life and his/her descendants that could cause the loss of Polish citizenship and provide evidence proving that Polish citizenship was kept and passed to the next generations.

Application for Polish citizenship confirmation by descent:

The person must apply for citizenship by descent and provide all necessary documents and information in the form of original documents (legalized if applicable) or correctly certified copies of the documents along with Polish sworn translations. An application needs to be filled in Polish and lodged with the appropriate Voivodeship Office.

Consult your case with us free of charge:

Based on your case, we will prepare a list of questions that will allow us to initially assess your situation, confirm your eligibility for Polish citizenship by descent, and advise on the best next steps for you. Each family history is different; therefore the case is different and requires an individual approach.

It is important to note that the process and requirements for the whole process can vary depending on individual circumstances and the specific laws and regulations that were in force.

Check if you qualify and contact us for a free assessment of the case. You can fill in our Contact Form on our website, send us an email at or give us a call phone / WhatsApp / Signal + 48 509 374 209

How to get Polish citizenship by descent through Five to Europe, a Polish based company?

Polish citizenship follows the “right of blood” rule which means that a Polish parent passes it to his or her child at birth. If you have Polish ancestry, you know that someone from your family came from Poland or what used to be Polish territory, likely you are eligible for Polish citizenship by descent. It is also necessary to prove that your Polish ancestor left Poland after 1920, or provide an official and legal document issued by the Polish Government after 1920.

Becoming a Polish citizen by right of blood

Polish citizenship is passed by “the right of blood”. If one of the parents holds Polish citizenship (or is a person of Polish descent), it is passed to the child irrespective of whether the child was born in Poland or abroad.
It also applies to people born in countries with the “right of soil” e.g. USA. If you were born in the USA to at least one Polish parent (or a parent of Polish descent – to your Polish grandparents), you can claim Polish citizenship despite the fact you acquired US citizenship at your birth.