Poland and its road towards membership in the European Union

Share on facebook
Share on pinterest
Share on twitter

When did Poland join the European Union?

At midnight on 1 May 2004, Poland became a member of the European Union. The accession, the legal basis for Poland’s membership in the EU, took place by virtue of the Accession Treaty signed on 16 April 2003 in Athens, Greece, and was the result of long-term efforts and actions of many governments.

Stages of Poland's integration with the European Union

The process of Poland’s integration began in Athens on April 8 1994, when Poland applied for membership in the European Union. The Polish application was confirmed by all member states at a conference in Essen on December 9-10, 1994.

The Accession Treaty was subject to approval and adoption by an absolute majority of votes by the European Parliament (9 April 2003) and unanimously by the Council of the European Union (14 April 2003).

European Union flag

The next stage was its ratification by all member states in accordance with the constitutional requirements applicable in each country (except Ireland). The Treaty entered into force after the end of the EU ratification procedure. In Poland, the process of its adoption took the form of a nationwide referendum on June 7-8, 2003. Polish citizens answered the following question: ‘Do you agree to the accession of the Republic of Poland to the European Union?’

According to the official results of the National Electoral Commission (PKW), 58.85% of those eligible to vote (i.e. 17,586,215 people) out of 29,868,474 went to the polls, 77.45% of them (i.e. 13,516,612) answered ‘yes’ to the question posed. 22.55% of them (i.e. 3,936,012) answered ‘no’. There were also 126,194 invalid votes cast.

Which countries joined the European Union in 2004?

Along with Poland, the following countries also joined the European Union in May 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Slovakia. and Slovenia. It was the biggest enlargement in the history of the EU.

European Union countries

EU membership influences the economic development of Poland through EU regulations, foreign trade, transfers from the EU budget, foreign direct investment, and free movement of people.

Get a free consultation of your case for Polish citizenship by descent

What does the free consultation for Polish citizenship by descent look like? What do I need to have? Do I need to have any documents to proceed with the assessment of my eligibility for Polish citizenship? Do I need to know all the facts about my Polish side of the family?
Below you can find a list of five simple steps to make it easy for you!

How to get a job in Europe?

Polish citizenship and along with-it Polish passport open access to Europe and its job market. As a Polish citizen, you not only get a chance to reside wherever you want in Europe, but also travel freely with no visa restrictions. What is more important, you can apply for a job without being worried about any job visa or work permit.

Polish citizenship by descent – how to start the process in 4 simple steps?

If you know that at least one of your ancestors was born in Poland or its former territories, and resided there after 1920, likely she or he was a Polish citizen and so you are. We just need to prove and confirm that citizenship was not lost by any of your ancestors linking you to the last one who left Poland and that it was passed to you.