Who can get Polish citizenship via ‘right of blood’

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When you are born, you can acquire citizenship via the following rules: 'right of blood' (ius sanguinis) and 'right of soil' (ius soli).

The ‘right of blood’ says that by birth, you acquire citizenship of your parents’ country.

In the case of ‘the right of soil’, you acquire citizenship of the country of your birth, regardless of the citizenship of your parents. What does it really mean? If you were born in Poland, you automatically acquire Polish citizenship.

Each country adapts appropriate laws that suit their interests and traditions

Generally speaking, emigration countries apply the ‘right of blood’ to preserve the bonds of nationality and citizenship.On the other hand, immigration countries, which aim for the fastest possible assimilation, adopt ‘the right of soil’. That means whoever was born on their land was automatically granted citizenship of the country.

Poland follows ‘right of blood’ when it comes to acquiring and passing Polish citizenship to next generations. What that means is that by law and regardless of whether you were born in Poland or abroad, if at least one of your parents is a Polish citizen (or of Polish descent), you acquire Polish citizenship. In simple words, if let’s say your great-grandfather was Polish, he would pass his citizenship to his child (your grandparent) and further on to your parent. Following ‘right of blood’  makes you Polish too.

Polish citizenship law also applies to those born in countries with the ‘right of soil’ (ius soli).  In other words, if you were born in the US to a Polish parent (or of Polish descent), despite acquiring US citizenship, you will also hold Polish citizenship.

Germany, Poland, France, Ukraine, Australia grant citizenship through ‘right of blood’.

When it comes to ‘right of soil’, it applies in such countries as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Jamaica, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, the United States, Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Barbados.

Polish nationality vs Polish citizenship – what is the difference?

The notion of Polish citizenship has no statutory definition. In doctrine it is defined as a certain kind of legal bond between a natural person and a state, which consists in the person’s belonging to that state. It is expressed by the state providing rights for citizens and presenting them with obligations, which exist to indicate the ways of acquiring and retaining citizenship and the related rights or lack thereof.

How do I travel with double citizenship and two passports?

Have you ever thought about how double citizenship can impact your travelling? How can you use the fact of having two passports to your benefit?
Once you are the lucky owner of a Polish passport, below you can find a list of tips and advice that will make your life easier while moving around the EU, between the EU and your country of origin and while travelling to third party countries.